Seeding long-term growth: Pussellawa Plantations lays foundation for next generation tea and rubber

Home » Seeding long-term growth: Pussellawa Plantations lays foundation for next generation tea and rubber
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  • The company will invest over Rs. 3000 Mn. within the next five years towards replanting of tea & rubber 
  • Says it aims to replant a further 1050 hectares of rubber and 450 hectares of tea by 2027
  • Maintains a yield of over 1000 Kg per hectare for rubber well above the national average amidst challenges 
  • Initiates programme to replace all low-yielding and old seedling tea in the near future 

In an industry with a legacy of over 160 years, Regional Plantation Companies (RPCs) have been finding novel and innovative ways to keep the industry afloat amid change. Following its acquisition by Damro Group in 2017, Pussellawa Plantations Limited (PPL) has been among the most progressive in its investments in replanting, factory modernization, innovation and diversification of its product portfolio to cater to changing consumer demand, mainly in tea and rubber.

Since the Group’s entrance into plantation management, the company has become one of the country’s two major producers of Tea and Rubber, with an employee strength of over ten thousand employees, among which over 6000 are employed under PPL.

Today PPL is gearing up for a new phase of growth. In addition to securing the Forest Stewardship Council certification (FSC) for some of its prime rubber properties, the company has also obtained the Rain Forest Alliance (RA) certification for its upcountry tea estates, which shows the company’s commitment and responsibility towards sustainability.  Furthermore, most recently, all PPL tea manufacturing facilities have obtained the ISO 22000 Food Safety Management System certification.

PPL has a network of rubber nurseries producing over 300,000 plants annually

Improving productivity and sustainability 

Replanting and rehabilitation of tea and rubber determine the industry’s productivity and sustainability, bringing much-needed foreign exchange to the country annually.  Keeping this in mind, a strategic management decision was taken to prioritise replanting across all estates under PPL since 2017. 

PPL has injected over Rs. 679 million into tea replanting across 223 hectares during the last six years

With the rubber extent spanning 4,780 hectares, the company has invested over Rs. 715 Mn to replant a substantial hectarage of over 910 hectares over the past six years. A further sum of Rs. 1,150 million will be invested in the next five years to replant a further 1050 hectares of rubber which is expected to boost the crop volume and the future yield per hectare of the company.

The newly constructed Rothschild Estate Tea Factory with state of the art of machinery

“The priority that we have given to replanting has already enhanced yields to over 1200 kgs YPH which is well above the national average for rubber,” Chief Operating Officer – Rubber of PPL, Manoj Udugampola said.

In order to support the company’s ambitious rubber replanting programme, PPL has its own network of rubber nurseries producing over 300,000 plants annually at Elston, Eheliyagoda, Pussella, Salawa and Siriniwasa Estates.

PPL to open Rothschild Tea Centre for foreign tourists who travel to Little England, Nuwara-Eliya

“It is envisaged to plant another 235 hectares of rubber in 2023, using our own high-quality planting material. Rubber replanting is a very important exercise which is a key requirement in maintaining the viability and sustainability of the rubber industry, given that the life span of a rubber tree is around 30 years old. If we are to be competitive in the global market, our yields have to be over 1500 kgs per hectare.”  

Importance given to Field Development and Adaptation of Good Agricultural Practices

The company invested over Rs 75 Mn each year for rain-guarding rubber trees

As a thrust to achieving its targets, specifically in rubber replanting, PPL in collaboration with the Rubber Research Institute (RRI) has introduced new and cost-effective methods to enhance productivity and increase yields.

In order to overcome the shortage of skill tappers and to improve productivity, the Low-Frequency Tapping System (LFT) has been introduced across its estates in the last 5 years.

“The results of LFT has been outstanding. In just under 4 years, we have seen an increase in tapper productivity by 20% to 25% compared to the conventional tapping methods resulting in worker productivity increasing from 7kg to 10kg per worker. This has provided them with an additional income,” Udugampola said.

PPL in collaboration with RRI introduces ‘Slow Release Fertilize Application’ designed to gradually release nutrients to the plant over an extended period

The company also invests over Rs 75 Mn each year for rain-guarding rubber trees to aid LFT activities and to maintain regular tapping rounds given the unpredictable, erratic weather patterns. Furthermore, rain guards are fixed to all tappable trees on estates except in the areas which are earmarked for uprooting. This adds additional tapping days and increases worker productivity, especially during the rainy season.

One of its landmark collaborations with RRI, is the introduction of the ‘Slow Release Fertilize Application’ in immature rubber areas. This method is designed to gradually release nutrients to the plant over an extended period. 

“The Pilot Project conducted on our Estates in 2018 have shown that the application of Slow Release Fertilizer is an effective method, especially amidst a fertiliser shortage and increased cost of production. We are happy to note that this method is replicated in many RPCs as it only requires half of the normal requirement of fertilizer.” Udugampola noted.

In the search for new opportunities

Currently Pussellawa plantations Ltd manages over 2600 hectares of well-nurtured tea. In a bid to develop its upcountry and low-country tea estates, PPL has injected over Rs. 679 million into tea replanting across 223 hectares during the last six years, and it has also planned to invest a further Rs. 1,800 million to replace 450 hectares of all low-yielding and old seedling tea fields within the next five years. The company produces over 750,000 vigorous high-yielding plants on an annual basis internally to cater to the accelerated replanting program.  The company also has a mass-scale organic fertilizer production unit which has already produced over 6.5 million kgs of compost during the last 5 years solely for its plantations to rehabilitate the degraded soil conditions in its estates.

Furthermore, PPL constructed a new state of art tea factory with an investment of over Rs. 400 Mn. at Rothschild Estate, Pussellawa, enabling the company to handle enhanced quantities of its own crop internally with a better sales average. Rothschild estate, which has a rich history of over 180 years, came into being when Worm Brothers bought tea seeds from China and formed a small garden at Pussellawa, Condegalle – possibly the oldest tea cultivation in Sri Lanka. 

“We have already managed to recover the initial investment made from the state of the art factory with the profits made so far. We are now in the process of opening a new Tea Centre attached to the new factory with a scenic view of the lush tea gardens to attract the local and foreign tourists who travel to Little England, Nuwara-Eliya,” Chief Operating Officer in charge of Tea, PPL Chaminda Senaratne said.

The company has made significant investments exceeding Rs. 2,964 million during the last five years across all sections of the company boosting its future sustainability. 

Replanting Tea & Rubber Rs. 1,394,000,000
Social Welfare activitiesRs. 499,708,041
Distribution of profit share to employeesRs. 129,826,441
New vehiclesRs. 147,832,813
Plant & MachineryRs. 259,266,935
Lands & BuildingsRs. 448,158,794
Other assetsRs.   84,718,941

(Table 1: Investments made by Pussellawa Plantations PLC)

With these investments in place, it is our hope that we usher in a new era of prosperity in Sri Lanka’s plantation sector. This is only the start for Pussellawa Plantations as we continue to bring in new innovations and pioneer new methods in sustainable agricultural practices, especially in tea and rubber. With our capable and skilled employees, moving forward we will continue to explore and invest in all viable means for enhancing productivit, while sustainably diversifying into crops and lines of business that offer the highest return, and creating further opportunities for vertical integration and value addition through synergies generated across the Damro Group,” Senaratne said.

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